Diversification of cropping systems to improve national food security

Autores/as

  • Sebastián Parra Londoño Unidad Central del Valle del Cauca-UCEVA, Colombia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54502/msuceva.v3n2a7

Palabras clave:

Agricultural systems, crops diversity, food security, open database, yield

Resumen

The aim of this reflection is to study and promote the diversification of cropping systems as a strategy for the improvement of food security at national level. Food security is a global challenge that nations continue to address. Agricultural systems should address this issue; however, traditional practices may not be sufficient to produce enough food for the growing population. Conversely, intensive agriculture has significantly impacted the environment by increasing the use of fertilizers and freshwater, expanding cultivation lands, and reducing biodiversity. Therefore, innovative techniques are necessary to enhance agricultural productivity while respecting planetary environmental limits that are essential for the resilience of the earth. Enhancing cropping diversity in agricultural systems could significantly increase yield and food production, optimizing land usage efficiency. This brief analysis examines the diversity of crop species in Colombia from 2006 to 2022 and its impact on agricultural production. National crop diversity has increased over time, with higher heterogeneity observed in regions such as Cundinamarca, Boyacá Antioquia, Santander, Nariño, and Valle del Cauca. Additionally, significant correlations exist between the number of crops cultivated per location and agricultural production, emphasizing the significance of diversity in food systems. Increasing crop diversity can not only improve national food security but also aid in maintaining ecosystem integrity. Further research should focus on assessing the impact of various farming system diversification, approaches on yield stability and food security at the farm level

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Biografía del autor/a

Sebastián Parra Londoño, Unidad Central del Valle del Cauca-UCEVA, Colombia

He holds a Ph.D. in Agricultural and Environmental Sciences with a specialisation in Crop Science from the University of Rostock in Rostock, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. He also holds a Master of Science in International Horticulture, specialising in Plant Nutrition, from the Leibniz University of Hanover in Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany. His academic background also includes a degree in Biology from the Universidad del Valle-Cali, Colombia. His diverse research interests encompass various facets of plant science, with particular interests in plant breeding, plant nutrition and crop science. In addition, his research interests include horticulture, genetic studies of vascular plants, genomic marker associations and genomic traits. He has made significant contributions to the scientific community, with his work published in prestigious high impact factor (Q1-Q2) journals, including Plant Science, Theoretical and Applied Genetics, Plant Cell and Environment, and Annals of Botany.

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https://hablemosdeculturas.com/asociacion-de-cultivos/

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Publicado

2023-12-01

Cómo citar

1.
Parra Londoño S. Diversification of cropping systems to improve national food security . Magna Sci. UCEVA [Internet]. 1 de diciembre de 2023 [citado 26 de febrero de 2024];3(2):175-9. Disponible en: http://revistas.uceva.edu.co/index.php/magnascientia/article/view/84

Número

Sección

Ciencias Biológicas y Agrícolas (Biological and Agricultural Sciences)

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